When preparing its decisions, ASN requests opinions and recommendations from its eight Advisory Committees of Experts (GPE). ASN consults these Advisory Committees on issues within their particular field of competence.
At ASN’s request, the GPEs issue an opinion on certain technical dossiers with particularly high potential consequences prior to decisions being taken.
Since 2009, as part of its commitment to transparency in nuclear safety and radiation protection, ASN has published the GPE letters of referral, the opinions of the GPEs and ASN’s position statements based on these opinions. IRSN for its part publishes the summaries of the technical investigation reports it presents to the GPEs. Adoption of the rules of procedure of the eight Advisory Committees of Experts
For most of the subjects covered, the GPE examine the reports produced by IRSN, by an expert working group or by one of the ASN departments. The representatives of the ASN departments or external structures which carried out the expert assessment prior to a GPE meeting, present their conclusions to the group. Following each consultation, the GPE consulted can send to the ASN Director-general a written opinion, plus recommendations where necessary. This independent perspective is of use for the decision-making process.
In addition to being consulted on the dossiers submitted by a licensee, the Advisory Committees contribute to the development of the nuclear safety and radiation protection doctrine. They can be invited to take part in the debate on changes to regulations, or on a general nuclear safety or radiation protection topic.
The GPEs consist of experts appointed individually for their competence and are open to civil society. Their members come from university and association backgrounds and from expert assessment and research organisations. They may also be licensees of nuclear facilities or come from other sectors (industrial, medical, etc.). Participation by foreign experts can help diversify the approach to problems and provide the benefit of experience acquired internationally.
The Advisory Committees of Experts have common rules of procedure and are broken down according to their areas of expertise:
The Advisory Committee for reactors (GPR)
The Advisory Committee for reactors is chaired by Thierry Charles. It consists of experts nominated for their competence in the field of nuclear reactors.
The Advisory Committee for laboratories and plants (GPU)
The Advisory Committee for laboratories and plants is chaired by Alain Dorison. It comprises experts nominated for their competence in the field of laboratories and plants in which radioactive materials are used.
The Advisory Committee for medical exposure (GPMED)
Chaired by Bernard Aubert, the GPMED comprises experts nominated for their competence in the field of radiation protection of health professionals, the public and patients and for medical applications of ionising radiations, including legal medicine.
The Advisory Committee for environment and radiation protection (non-medical) (GPRADE)
Chaired by Jean-Paul Samain, the GPRAD comprises experts nominated for their competence in the field of radiation protection of workers (other than health professionals) and radiation protection of the public, for industrial and research applications of ionising radiations, as well as for natural ionising radiations.
The Advisory Committee for waste (GPD)
The Advisory Committee for waste is chaired by Mr Pierre Bérest. It comprises experts nominated for their competence in the nuclear, geological and mining fields..
The Advisory Committee for transport (GPT)
It comprises experts nominated for their competence in the field of transport, in particular representatives from the French committee for certification of companies in training and monitoring of personnel working with ionising radiations.
The Advisory Committee for nuclear pressure equipment (GPESPN)
The GPESPN is chaired by Matthieu Schuler and comprises experts nominated for their competence in the field of pressure equipment.